Inazione ambientale

Le magistrature europee in questi giorni hanno sentenziato un nuovo istituto poco riconosciuto, se non addirittura mai, nelle giurisdizioni italiane. Si tratta della inazione ambientale rientrante nel diritto ambientale e del quale si sentirà molto parlare nei prossimi anni. Riguarda la mancata applicazione di norme internazionali, convenzioni in materia ambientale, poste a tutela dell’ambiente in tutte le sue matrici e di cui lo Stato è responsabile nei confronti della collettività. Se consideriamo che in Italia la Corte Costituzionale già dagli anni ’90 ha stabilito che rientrino nella definizione di ambiente, in senso lato, i diritti fondamentali e umani di natura personale e quindi diritti soggettivi facendo così diveniere legittimati attivi anche i singoli, detta sentenza europea invece definisce l’obbligo di intervenire a tutela dell’ambiente da qualsivoglia inquinamento in capo allo Stato apparato, aprendo all’interpretazione giuridica di maggior vantaggio per la tutela ambientale riconoscendo così la garanzia che gli Stati debbano far rispettare i diritti ambientali in ogni loro forma e nella più ampia accezione dovendo di contro, loro, dimostrare per quali legittimi motivi non hanno tutelato l’ambiente.


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Lawyers' strike of 4 March 2024 - Undue compression of the right of defense committed by the PM

On 01/31/2024 the UCPI resolved the following document: “We learned with dismay the news of the investigation opened by a Milanese prosecutor against the defender of an accused while the trial for a serious murder was underway before the Court of Assizes. It was subsequently learned that one of the two prosecutors, who supported the accusation in the trial against Alessia Pifferi, keeping his colleague in the dark about his initiative, decided to investigate the lawyer Pontenani, defender of the accused, for the sole reason fact of having used the reports drawn up by two psychologists of the prison in which Pifferi is confined, who were themselves investigated for the crime of forgery, in order to support the existence of an intellectual development deficit in their client and to ask for it subjection to psychiatric evaluation. An appraisal which was subsequently ordered by the Court of Assizes and which is currently underway. According to the accusatory hypothesis, the psychologists' reports would in fact contain false declarations on the prisoner's mental conditions instrumentally aimed at obtaining a psychiatric assessment and it is for this reason that during the investigations, telephone and environmental wiretaps were ordered against them, as well as the search of their homes. It is news in the press today that, while one of the two prosecutors in charge of the accusation, as she was kept in the dark about the initiative in question, has decided to renounce the assignment of the file, in the context of the trial pending before the Court of Assise, the defendant's defender declared that he did not want to give up the defense although it was registered on the initiative of the same PM opposing her in that trial. We cannot fail to consider that this investigation, sensationally inserted within an ongoing debate, ends up altering the ordinary balance of the trial and compromising the serenity of those, judges and experts, who will have to express their assessments, bringing out how, once again, the defensive function and who exercises it appear delegitimized by the same unilateral initiative of the PM, aimed at affirming the existence of a contribution by the defender in the hypothesized illicit conduct of third parties, which highlights, if there were still a need , not only the procedural disparity between prosecution and defense, but also the substantial confusion between the position and role of the defender and the figure of the client. For these reasons, without wanting to go into the merits of the procedural matter, we must stigmatize what happened and underline how unacceptable any undue compression of the constitutionally guaranteed right of defense is, regardless of whether it is pursued, inside or outside the trial. We will monitor to understand what in particular justified the registration of the colleague in the register of suspects and finally in what context these initiatives developed, because, if this is what awaits the trial of the future with one party, the Prosecutor, who investigates the other part in an open debate, on the sole basis of an uncontrolled investigative hypothesis, we can celebrate the requiem not only of the accusatory rite, but of justice as such." Therefore we inform you that on 4/3/2024 the lawyers of the Daniele law-economic firm will participate in the national strike.
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Artificially intelligence

The advent of the new technology definable as artificial intelligence opens up new situations for the protection of subjective rights at a legal level. Today we find, at the hands of the companies owning such…
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